Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that is marked by extreme shifts in mood. It can even include episodes of depression. It can range from depressive lows to manic highs. It is fine to have ups and downs, high and lows but not okay when it is severe as this is a mental illness. It usually occurs in the teenage years or early adulthood. It is also known as manic depression.
The National Institute of Mental Health describes the main symptoms of bipolar disorder as alternating episodes of high and low mood. Changes in energy levels, sleep patterns, ability to focus, and other features can dramatically impact a person’s behavior, work, relationships, and other aspects of life.
It can cause shifts in energy, mood, behavior, and thinking. Mood swings are common. But unlike mood swings in bipolar disorder the mood change can be so intense that it can affect your school performance or jobs, can disrupt your ability to function in daily life, or can damage your relationships.
Types of Bipolar disorders
Bipolar 1 or Maniac:
It involves periods of severe mood episodes from mania to depression. It is diagnosed when manic episodes last for at least 7 days or the manic symptoms that are very severe that need immediate attention or severe enough that requires immediate hospitalization to prevent harm to oneself or others, or even accompanied by psychotic features.
Bipolar 2 or Hypomania:
It is a milder form of mood elevation. It involves recurring episodes of major depression and hypomania that is a light form of mania. It can be diagnosed if you have experienced at least one hypomanic episode and one major depressive episode in your lifetime.
Some of the common symptoms include:
Unexplained or uncontrollable crying
Insomnia or hypersomnia
Loss of interest in everything or things that a person usually enjoys
Having thoughts of death or suicide
It is a light form of bipolar disorder. It consists of cyclical mood swings. The highs and lows in cyclothymia are not severe enough to qualify as either mania or major depression. People with cyclothymia often appear to function normally, they may seem “moody” or “difficult” to others but since the mood swings are not that severe it is not considered serious but it can increase your risk of developing bipolar disorder.
It may be difficult to diagnosis bipolar disorder as its symptoms can be subtle and confusing. The symptoms of bipolar disorder may not be the same in every individual and it may differ thus making it difficult to diagnose it.
Common symptoms of bipolar disorder include:
Having extreme feeling, either overly happy or “high” for long periods of time or overly sad
Having a decreased need for sleep and even loss of touch with the reality
Talking very fast, often with racing thoughts
Feeling extremely restless or impulsive
Feeling very low
Becoming easily distracted
Loss of interest in daily activities
Being overconfident or overconfidence in your abilities
Engaging in risky behavior that can make you regret it later
Some people experience psychosis, which can include hallucinations, delusions, and paranoia.
And some aspects of bipolar disorder can make a person feel good. It may happen that during an elevated mood, they may find they are more talkative, sociable, and creative.
There exist a number of treatment options for bipolar disorder, find the best for you. And you can manage the symptoms or find the best treatment for you by taking help from a mind trainer or psychologist. Contact Utopia Life Coach by visiting our website www.steffiprasad.com