Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a mental health disorder that can be characterized by failure to heal or recover after witnessing or experiencing a terrifying event. It can be caused by experiencing a serious accident, loss of loved ones, horrific incidents, facing a natural disaster, death or rape threats, sexual assault, or rape. It can last depending on the intensity which triggers that can bring back memories of trauma accompanied by intense physical and emotional reactions. It is natural to feel afraid during or after facing a traumatic event and it should go naturally but if it doesn’t, it needs immediate attention or treatment.
Here are some of the symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder.
Flashbacks of the traumatic event or involuntarily reliving the traumatic event like it is happening now. Nightmares or dreams that upset them. Severe physical reactions to something or emotional distress that reminds them of the traumatic event. Fearful thoughts, repetitive and distressing images, or sensations.
Avoiding thinking or talking about the traumatic event, avoiding activities, places or people that remind of the traumatic event can be one of the symptoms of PTSD. This avoidance can lead to a feeling of detachment and isolation as well as loss of interest in people, activities that the person was interested in or enjoyed doing it once.
These may cause you to be anxious. It may include excessive emotions like problem feeling or showing affections, difficulty staying asleep or falling asleep, an outburst of anger, being easily startled, irritability, anxiety, feeling tense, or worry. The person may also go through physical sensations like pain, increased heart rate and blood pressure, muscle tension, rapid breathing, sweating, feeling sick, nausea, or even diarrhea.
Changes in mood and cognition:
Negative thoughts and beliefs about oneself or others. Feeling hopeless for the future, having memory problems like inability to remember important aspects of the traumatic event. Feeling detached, feeling difficulty in maintaining close relationships. Emotionally feeling numb. Lack of interest and avoiding or unable to experience positive emotions.
There may be a feeling of shame and guilt like they could prevent it from happening or their action has led to it. A lot of questions surrounding them like why it is them, why did this happen to them. These constant thoughts can even lead to depression.
Other problems like phobias or server anxiety, self-harming or destroying oneself by taking up destructive behavior like alcohol or drug misuse.
PTSD can have an adverse effect on daily lives irrespective of age, gender. Taking professional help at the earliest can be very helpful.
If you are suffering from PTSD or your dear ones are, contact a psychologist or therapist.
Recommending Psychologists and Therapists are:
1. Life Coach Steffi Prasad - Psychologist & Therapists - Utopia Life Coach in Siliguri, West Bengal, India.
2. Khusboo Tomar - Psychologist: Centre for Forensic & Clinical Psychology